Alpha & Omega. Greece, Athens, Crete, Corfu, Rhodes. Booking  Hotels, rentals, rent a car
Alpha & Omega. Greece, Athens, Crete, Corfu, Rhodes. Booking  Hotels, rentals, rent a car
Rent a car in Greece & Crete
Alpha & Omega. Greece, Athens, Crete, Corfu, Rhodes. Booking  Hotels, rentals, rent a car
Alpha & Omega. Greece, Athens, Crete, Corfu, Rhodes. Booking  Hotels, rentals, rent a car Alpha & Omega. Greece, Athens, Crete, Corfu, Rhodes. Booking  Hotels, rentals, rent a car Alpha & Omega. Greece, Athens, Crete, Corfu, Rhodes. Booking  Hotels, rentals, rent a car
Home Accommodation Car rental Virtual tour Photo gallery Travel guide Flights
CRETE
Accommodation
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Apartments
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Villas
  Hotels in Greece, Athens, Crete, Rhodes, Corfu
Car rental
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Crete- Heraklion
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Chania - Rethymnon
Maps of Crete
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Chania or Hania
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Rethymnon
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Heraklion
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Agios Nikolaos
Travel guide
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu General information
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Practical information
The routes
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Hania
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Kissamos
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Chora Sfakion
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Rethymnon
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Ierapetra
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Heraklion
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Agios Nikolaos
ATHENS
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Hotels in Athens
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Car rental - Map
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Athens airport
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Athens metro
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Pictures
RHODES
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Hotels in Rhodes
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Car rental - Map
CORFU
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Hotels in Corfu
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Car rental - Map
Other Islands
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Hotels in Greece
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Lesbos Cars - Map
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Thessaloniki Cars - Map
Greece info
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Map of Greece
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Ferries in Greece
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Weather in Greece
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu White - Yellow pages
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Charter flights
Greece, Crete, Athens, Rhodes, Corfu Inquiries
Greek Ferries

Photo of the day

Other sites of the group
New Site Alpha & Omega
 
Property in Greece
Property in Greece
Immobilier en Grèce
Property in Crete
Immobilier en Crète

Site map

Learn some Greek

 

Whichever country you come from, you already know some Greek, although you may not be aware of it! The Latin alphabet on which modern European languages are based comes from the Chalkidic alphabet (one of the first Greek alphabets, that is), which was transplanted to Latium in Italy and was later adopted throughout Europe (in the course of many centuries). But apart from the alphabet, thousands of words in all European languages have Greek roots, not only in the sciences but in everyday communication as well. Even the name Europe comes from the Greek mythology. It was the name of a princess who captivated Zeus with her charms, and who was kidnapped and brought off to Crete, where she gave him three children among which Minos, the famous king of Crete.

The Greek language is quite beautiful and pleasant to the ear and has syntactic variety and an incredibly rich vocabulary. Admittedly, it’s not the easiest language to learn, but learning it can become a fascinating adventure in itself, an exploration that will give you the greatest satisfaction once the object is accomplished. It is like having an invaluable treasure, because it is through the language that you can come in direct contact with Greek wisdom. And when we say “Greek wisdom” we mean not only what can be found in the Homeric epics, but also what is hidden in the simple stories of Greek peasants.

Following is a list of words and phrases that are not hard to learn and will facilitate your communication on specific occasions. They have been transliterated according to the table given above the list, so you would do well to look at it first if you want to pronounce them correctly. However, what is more important is stressing the right syllable, so pay attention to the little mark above the syllable that carries the accent.

Everyday basics
Ne yes
Òchi no
Endàxi OK
Asfalòs certainly
Kalimèra good morning
Kalinìchta good night
Kalispèra good evening
A(n)dÌo good bye
Yàsou1 / Yàsas2 hello /good bye
Kalòs ìrthes1 /
Kalòs ìrthate2 welcome
Efcharistò thank you
Parakalò please / you are welcome
Sighnòmi excuse me / I am sorry
Dhen piràzi It doesn’t matter,
Endaxi OK
Perìmene wait
Stamàta stop
Èla come!
Voìthia! help!
Pàme! let’s go!
Kàtse kàto sit down
Èna leptò just a moment
Sighà slow /quiet
Arghà slow
Ghrìghora quick
Tòra now
Metà later /after
Ìsos maybe
Sichnà often
Pànda always
Potè never
Pòte? when?
Pou? where?
Arketà quite / enough
Polì very / a lot
Lìgho a little, somewhat /not much
Pos how
Ti what
Ke and
Ghiatì why
Tìpota nothing / you are welcom eÌsodhos entrance
Èxodhos exit
Anichtò open
Klistò closed
Màlista yes (polite)
Kalì tìchi good luck
Ti kànis?1 / Ti kànete? how are you?
Kalà ìme I am fine
Etsi kiètsi so and so
Chàrika pleased to meet you
Me lène... my name is...
Borò na... may I...
Tha ìthela na... I would like to...
Dhen thèlo na... I don’t want to...
Katàlaves; Did you under stand?
Dhen katalavèno I don’t under stand
Ti òra ìne? what time is it?
Èskasa! I am hot!
Kriòno I am cold
Kàni krìo it’s cold
Kàni zèsti it’s warm / hot
Pràsino green
Kòkino red
Kìtrino yellow
Ble blue
Màvro black
Àspro white
Plìo / karàvi / vapòri boat, ship
Ti òra fèvghi? what time does
it leave?
Ti òra ftàni? what time does
it get there?
Isitìrio ticket
Ghramatòsimo stamp
Fàkelos envelope
Kàrta card / post card
Kìrie Mr. / sir
Kirìa Mrs. / Ms / mam
Dhespinìs Miss
Ìme I am
Ìse you are
Ìne he / she / it is
Ìmaste we are Ìs(a)ste you are
Ìne.. they are..
kalò good
kakò bad
krìo cold
zestò warm / hot
mikrò small, little
meghàlo big, large / great
orèo beautiful, nice
àschimo ugly
Ìme.. I am
Yermanòsa /
Yermanìdhab German
Dhanèzab Dane
xènos a foreigner
Èlinasa /
Elinìdhab Greek
Elàdha Greece
Ècho I have
Èchis you have
Èchi he / she / it hasAnglos / Anglìdha English
Portoghàlos/ Portoghalìdha Portuguese
Italòs / Italìdha Italian
Ghàlos / Ghalìdha French
Ispanòs / Ispanìdha Spanish
Olandhòsa / Olandhèza Dutch
Numbers
1 èna
2 dhìo
3 trìa
4 tèsera
5 pènde
6 èxi
7 eftà / eptà
8 ochtò / oktò
9 enèa / enià
10 dhèka
11 èndeka
12 dhòdheka
13 dhekatrìa
14 dhekatèsera
15 dhekapènde
16 dhekaèxi
17 dhekaeftà
18 dhekaochtò
19 dhekaenèa
20 ìkosi
21 ikosièna
22 ikosidhìo
23 ikositrìa
30 triànda
40 sarànda
50 penìnda 60 exìnda
70 evdhomìnda
80 oghdhònda
90 enenìnda
100 ekatò
101 ekatonèna
200 dhiakòs(i)a
300 triakòs(i)a
400 tetrakòs(i)a
500 pendakòs(i)a
600 exakòs(i)a
700 eftakòs(i)a
800 ochtakòs(i)a
900 eniakòs(i)a
1000 chìlia
2000 dhìo chiliàdhes
3000 tris chiliàdhes
5000 pènde chiliàdhes
10,000 dhèka chiliàdhes
100,000 ekatò chiliàdhes
200,000 dhiakòs(i)es chiliàdhes
300,000 triakòs(i)es chiliàdhes
400,000 tetrakòs(i)es chiliàdhes
500,000 pendakòs(i)es chiliàdhes
1,000,000 èna ekatomìrio
2,000,000 dhìo ekatomìria

-----------------------------------------------------------

Èchoume we have
Èchete you have
Èchoun... they have...
àdhia odhìghisis driver’s licence
leftà / chrìmata money
dhiavatìrio passport
asfàlia insurance
pinakìdha number plate
ponokèfalo headache
Milàs... Do you speak...
yermanikà? German?
italikà? Italian?
ghalikà? French?
anglikà? English?
Ìme / Èrchome apò tin...I am /
I come from...
Yermanìa Germany
Anglìa England
Italìa Italy
Ispanìa Spain
Portoghalìa Portugal
Vèlghio Belgium
Olandhìa Holland
Souidhìa Sweden
Finlandhìa Finland
Norvighìa Norway
Dhanìa Denmark
Elvetìa Switzerland
Afstrìa Austria
Pou ìne... where is...
to tilèfono the phone
o yatròs the doctor
to nosokomìo the hospital
i astinomìa the police
to limàni the port
to aerodhròmio the airport
to estiatòrio the restaurant
i tavèrna the tavern
i tràpeza the bank
o stathmòs tou trènou the train station
o stathmòs tou leoforìou the bus station
to tachidhromìo the post office
to sinerghìo the service station,
the repair shop


Vèlghos / Velghìdha Belgian
Elvetòs / Elvetìdha Swiss
Afstriakòs / Afstriakì Austrian
Norvighòs / Norvighìdha Norwegian, Norse
Finlandhòs / Finlandhèza Finn
Souidhòs / Souidhèza Swede

 

Accommodation
Xenodhochìo hotel
Thèlo èna dhomàtio... I want a room...
ya èna àtomo for one person
ya dhìo àtoma for two people
me dhiplò krevàti with a double bed
me zestò nerò with hot water
me toualèta with a bathroom
ya mia vradhià for one night
ya dhio vradhiès for two nights
ìsicho quiet
pio ìsicho quieter
Borò na to dho? can I see it?
Pòso èchi? how much does it cost?
Èchi proinò? is breakfast served?
I timì perilamvàni proinò? is breakfast included inthe price?
To klidhì the key
Èchi pàrking? is there a parking lot?
Pou tha parkàro ti motosiklèta? where do I park the bike?
Pou tha parkàroume tis motosiklètes? where do we park the bikes?
Skinì tent
Borò na stìso edhò ti skinì mou? can I set up the tent here?
At the service station
Sinerghìo service station, repair shop
Màstoras the mechanic
Motosiklèta motorcycle
Chàlase It broke down (bike) / it failed (e.g. engine)
Pròvlima problem
(Ghnìsio) andalaktikò (genuine) spare part
Dhen pèrni brostà it won’t start
Èchi pròvlima... there is a problem with...
i batarìa the battery
i mìza the ignition
o kinitìras the engine
i idhròpsixi the water-cooler
to kivòtio tachitìton the gearbox
Èchoun pròvlima... there is a problem with...
ta ilektrikà the electric system
i tsimoùches the gaskets, the seals
ta karbiratèr the carburettor
Anàvi to labàki tou ladhioù the oil light is on
Vghàzi polì kapnò there’s too much smoke coming out
Zestènete polì it overheats
Kàni èna paràxeno thòrivo it makes a funny noise
Kòpike i dìza the cable is cut
Èskase to làsticho the tire was punctured / went flat
Thèloun rìthmisi i valvìdhes the valves need adjusting
Thèli tèdoma i alisìdha the chain must be tightened
Thèli ghenikò sèrvis it needs a full service
Thèli alaghì ladhiòn it needs an oil change
Thèli ighrà frènon it needs brake fluid
Thèli takàkia it needs brake pads

 

Dessert
Baklavàs baklava (thin-layered pastry with walnuts and syrup)
Kandaìfi pastry with very thin vermicelli
Krèma custard
Rizòghalo rice pudding
Loukoùmi a type of marshmallow
Chalvàs halvah (usually made of cream of wheat, butter and sugar but comes in a great variety).
Pasta pastry
Karidhòpita walnut cake
Ghalaktoboùreko custard pie
Ravanì syrupy cake
Sàmali pastry of Turkish origin
Pastèli pastry made with sesame seed and honey
Paghotò ice cream
Boughàtsa cream-filled pastry

Snacks
Kalabòki corn
Kàstana chestnuts
Kouloùri bread ring
Tost toast
Loukoumàs donut

As for coffee, the Greek name for it is kafès, but unless you expect the waiter
to know how you drink it you must specify what you want. Here is how to order the
most frequent types of coffee served in the Greek kafenìa:

Frappè (“shaken”): black / medium / sweet / with milk
Nes (instant coffee): black / medium / sweet / with milk
Ghalikò (filter coffee): black / medium / sweet / with milk
Elinikò (Greek coffee): black / medium / sweet

For the initiated...
Amàn!. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expresses mild anger or surprise

Òpa! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Basically means ‘careful’ but can be used in a variety of circumstances. A cry of warning when something is about to fall, or a cry of enthusiasm encouraging a tipsy dancer to ‘give it all’

Rìchta!. . . . . . . . . . . . . Offers even stronger encouragement, especially when someone is dancing on a table!

Pedhì mou!. . . . . . . . . Expresses admiration for a person’s gifts (especially the physical ones...) and openly suggests one’s amorous intentions.

Ti ghìnete?. . . . . . . . . . Conventional greeting, almost a substitute for ‘how are you’. The standard answer is ‘fine’ or ‘’feelin’ shitty’’ depending on the case.
Pos pài?. . . . . . . . . . . . As above.
Sòpa!. . . . . . . . . . . . . . You don’t say! (Expresses admiration, perhaps mixed with a little distrust, when our friend tells an incredible story).

Meghàle!. . . . . . . . . . . Boy! / You are somethin’! (Expresses admiration, perhaps with a touch of irony, when the story of our friend sounds probable).

Psònio!. . . . . . . . . . . . . Exclamation of utter satisfaction!

Ghoustàro!. . . . . . . . . As above, only somewhat milder.

Tòra màlista. . . . . . . . . Oh, great! (Expresses disappointment when things don’t turn out exactly the way weplanned them, for instance when a tyre goes flat).

Tin kàtsame ti vàrka . Expresses worry when things are bad (for instance when we fall off the bike).

Klàfta Charàlabe. . . . . Expresses utter despair when things are lousy (for instance when our bike is stolen...)

Malàka. . . . . . . . . . . . . Can be a swear word or the equivalent of ‘hey, buddy’.

Re. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Like bread, it goes with anything! When combined with the word ‘malàka’ it turns it into the worst swear word.

Source of the information on this page : “Unexplored Crete”, Road Editions. For more guidebooks and maps of Greece, click here.



 

http://www.alpha-omegaonline.com
E-mail: info@alpha-omegaonline.com
Tel/fax: +33 (0)4 93 37 81 63 --- Mobile: +33 (0)6 08 37 02 49
Address in France: 20, Boulevard Joseph Garnier F-06000 Nice
Address in Greece: Astrikas - Chania - Crete, 73006 Greece